Groundwater Monitoring

Groundwater monitoring is the process of regularly measuring and analyzing the presence and movement of water and contaminants beneath the earth's surface. This practice is essential for managing the quality and sustainability of groundwater resources, which are critical for human consumption, agriculture, industry, and maintaining natural habitats. To understand the availability and sustainability of groundwater supplies, especially in regions where aquifers are the primary source of water. To ensure that groundwater meets health and environmental standards, particularly if it's used for drinking, irrigation, or other specific uses. To detect the presence of pollutants resulting from human activities, such as industrial discharges, agricultural runoff, or leaking underground storage tanks, and prevent their spread. To ensure adherence to local, regional, and national regulations regarding water extraction and quality standards. To preserve the health of ecosystems that rely on groundwater and surface water interactions, such as wetlands. The groundwater monitoring process typically involves the installation of monitoring wells, water level measurements, sampling, laboratory analysis, data analysis and reporting, remediation and conservation efforts. Groundwater monitoring is a crucial environmental and public health activity. It provides the data necessary for informed decision-making and action regarding the protection, use, and management of vital groundwater resources.

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IET 34.2 March 2024

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