Environmental Laboratory

  • Can We Generate Electricity from Food Waste?

Can We Generate Electricity from Food Waste?

May 23 2016 Read 2169 Times

At present, the world is facing a mounting energy crisis, with a battle being waged on two fronts. On the one hand, we are over-reliant on fossil fuels, a dwindling supply which is expected to run out some time in the next few decades. On the other, these very same fuel sources emit copious amounts of harmful chemicals such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and other contaminants, adversely affecting air quality and contributing to global warming.

Meanwhile, we also have a huge waste problem. In the United States alone, it was estimated that 59 million tonnes of food were wasted in 2015, which is roughly equivalent to one third of all of the produce America grows and imports. An innovative company from Colorado is hoping to kill all three birds with one stone by producing clean energy through the reuse of waste foodstuffs.

The History of Biogas

The idea of determining the value of waste materials as fuel feedstock is not a new one. Along with food waste, wood, sewage, textiles, cardboard, paper and other residue traditionally only considered fit for the scrap heap have recently been converted into fuel sources, with varying degrees of success.

In particular, biogas has enjoyed a period of prosperity in Europe. From its early developmental days in Germany, the use of food and other forms of waste as biogas to create electricity has become more and more popular across the continent. Anaerobic digestion is the main method of converting such waste into useful electricity, primarily in power plants, industrial factories and wastewater treatment centres.   

Anaerobic digestion works by capitalising upon the natural decomposition of food and other waste materials. As they rot away (normally in landfills), they release methane – which can be a harmful contaminant if allowed to disperse freely into the atmosphere. However, anaerobic digestion harnesses the power of this pollutant and converts it into something we all need: electricity.

Heartland at the Heart of the US Movement

As aforementioned, biogas has been a popular venture in Europe for many years, but the idea is only just beginning to take off in the States. One of the earliest proponents of its use are the Heartland Biogas Project in Colorado, owned by the Environmental Defence Fund (EDF)’s Renewable Energy Wing.

“We’ve seen a lot of those types of digesters in Europe and we’re just starting to see them emerge in the US,” remarked Darby Hoover, a specialist on the Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC), before pointing out that the overheads of such a project might put off some cities. “With an anaerobic digester you often have a high project cost up-front. Cities may not see that there’s a high value to implementing something like a digester.”

However, the Californian capital of Sacramento has not fallen foul of such a pitfall. The city has committed to a 20-year relationship with Heartland, during which time it plans to buy 100% of the electricity generated there in order to meet its ambitious renewable energy targets. As is often the case, the west coast state appears to be leading the way in American innovative thinking; it remains to be seen whether the other 49 states will follow suit.

Read comments0

Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.


Digital Edition

International Environmental Technology December 2018

December 2018

In This Edition Business News - Celebrating 50 years of Swiss engineering in Manchester - Taking a closer look at algal blooms - Sonardyne acquires maritime and marine science technology sp...

View all digital editions

Events

Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week

Jan 12 2019 Abu Dhabi, UAE

World Future Energy Summit (WFES 2019)

Jan 14 2019 Abu Dhabi, UAE

Energy from Biomass Combustion

Jan 15 2019 Leeds, UK

National Biodiesel Conference + Expo

Jan 21 2019 San Diego, CA, USA

Abwasser Praxis

Jan 23 2019 Offenburg, Germany

View all events