Air Monitoring

Carbon Trading in the European Union: 'Calculation' vs 'Measurement'

May 24 2018

Author: David Graham on behalf of E.ON UK Power Technology

Free to read

This article has been unlocked and is ready to read.


This paper describes the main provisions for Monitoring and Reporting under the European Union’s Emission Trading System (EU ETS). For the largest installations, the ‘Calculation’ approach is based on the measured fuel consumption, fuel carbon content and oxidation factor (completeness of combustion). The latest phase of the EU ETS attempts to put the alternative ‘Measurement’ approach, based on the measured fl ue gas CO2 concentration and volumetric stack fl ow rate, on a more equal footing with this ‘Calculation’. The uncertainty requirements of both routes are described, for different sizes of installation, and comments made regarding the diffi culty of meeting these requirements, for example, the inherent CO2 in the combustion air must be subtracted from the measured fl ue gas concentration.

Digital Edition

IET 33.5 Sept/Oct 2023

October 2023

In This Edition Water/Wastewater - Method development of a segmented flow system for the analysis of Total Cyanide in drinking water and natural waters using an on-line UV digestion and amper...

View all digital editions


Meteorological Technology World Expo 2023

Oct 03 2023 Geneva, Switzerland

Pumps & Valves

Oct 04 2023 Rotterdam, Netherlands

Africa Oil Week

Oct 09 2023 Cape Town, South Africa

Ecoforum 2023

Oct 10 2023 Melbourne, Australia

Gulf Coast Conference

Oct 10 2023 Galveston, TX, USA

View all events