Air Monitoring

Radiocarbon measurement of fossil CO2 emissions from waste incineration plants: A monitoring tool for CO2 trading in Denmark and Sweden

May 24 2018

Author: Karsten Fuglsang on behalf of CEM Conference

Free to read

This article has been unlocked and is ready to read.

Download

In several countries, an increasing share of renewable energy comes from waste incineration. Due to the content of fossil carbon in combustible waste, the fossil CO2 constitute a considerable share of the total CO2 emissions from combustion of municipal waste. The National governments in Denmark and Sweden have decided to include the emissions of fossil CO2 from municipal waste incineration plants in the Emission Trading Scheme (ETS). This means that since January 2013, all waste incineration plants with an expected emission of ? 50,000 tonnes of fossil CO2 in Denmark and Sweden have implemented monitoring methods in order to quantify of the share of biogenic and fossil CO2 emissions. In 2012, FORCE Technology developed a method for long term monitoring of biogenic and fossil CO2 in stack gas based on measurement of the carbon-14 content of CO2, continuously sampled from the emitted stack gas. The method is based on the EN ISO 13833 standard. The method was presented at the CEM 2011 conference and is described in detail.

In this paper, we present an overview of the results of radiocarbon measurements of biogenic and fossil CO2 from 5 Danish and 4 Swedish waste incineration plants. Results from continuous sampling and analysis on more than 15 different oven lines over a 3 year period (January 2013 - January 2016) will be shown. The variability of results over time and geographical areas will be discussed. Furthermore, the uncertainty of the carbon-14 method will be discussed in relation to the ETS requirements


Digital Edition

IET 34.2 March 2024

March 2024

Gas Detection - Biogas batch fermentation system for laboratory use with automatic gas analysis in real time Water/Wastewater - Upcycling sensors for sustainable nature management - Prist...

View all digital editions

Events

World Future Energy Summit

Apr 16 2024 Abu Dhabi, UAE

Analitika Expo 2024

Apr 16 2024 Moscow, Russia

Ecomondo Mexico

Apr 17 2024 Guadalajara, Nexico

IE Expo China 2024

Apr 18 2024 Shanghai, China

Hannover Messe

Apr 22 2024 Hannover, Germany

View all events