• How Can We Rid the Ocean of Plastic?

How Can We Rid the Ocean of Plastic?

Sep 28 2016 Read 2034 Times

Litter – and plastic in particular – is a growing problem in the world’s oceans. It’s estimated there are over five trillion bits of plastic debris in the world’s oceans – 46,000 per square mile – with 269,000 tonnes on the surface. Because of this, around 100,000 creatures die each year from entanglement and at over 200 areas have been labelled as ‘dead zones’ because life can no longer develop there. Is there a solution? Let’s investigate

Ocean gyres

You only have to look at the five litter patches in the North Pacific, South Pacific, North Atlantic, South Atlantic and Indian Oceans to see how vast the problem has become. Rotating ocean currents combined with wind and rotation of the earth create what’s known as a gyre. These gyres have water pushed towards them, where it eventually sinks.

However, when the water brings litter with it, there’s a bit of a problem… The litter doesn’t sink properly, and remains trapped in that part of the ocean. Of course with water continuously being pushed into gyres, the litter begins to accumulate. It leads to huge litter patches in our oceans. Though while these gyres look bad, they aren’t the heart of the problem.

The main problem comes when litter hits areas with a lot of marine life. It’s here where it can kill animals, either through entanglement, digestion or even indirectly through water pollution. Consequently, the food chain gets disturbed. When the smaller creatures are killed, there is less food for bigger species. The effect is vast.

Solving the litter problem

The Ocean Cleanup Project is one initiative that aims to solve the problem. Raising over two million dollars, the founder Boyan Slat aims to use floating barriers to extract litter from the water. Another idea is to actually change the litter itself. A number of organisations around the world are aiming to create plastics that are more friendly to the environment.

Bioplastics, made from plants, are biodegradable, and so they won’t linger in the ocean like regular plastics. With more and more people becoming concerned about the issue, it’s thought the market for bioplastics is growing considerably and will continue to do so into the future.

Water contamination

It’s not just plastics in water that are an issue. Wastewater can cause contamination to plants, animals and even humans if it enters a water source. But it can also be used to monitor the environment and health of communities if it is analysed using the latest techniques and technology. Our eLearning course on October 13th explores the field of wastewater-based epidemiology.

Reader comments

Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.

Post a Comment

Digital Edition

International Environmental Technology December 2019

December 2019

In This Edition Business News - AcSoft increase investmentas part of ambitious strategy - Aquaread appoint exclusive distributor in Australia and New Zealand - USA appointments underpin Sig...

View all digital editions


Nepal Lab

Dec 13 2019 Kathmandu, Nepal

Abu Dhabi Sustainability Week

Jan 11 2020 Abu Dhabi, UAE

World Future Energy Summit (WFES 2020)

Jan 13 2020 Abu Dhabi, UAE

National Biodiesel Conference & Expo 2020

Jan 20 2020 Tampa, FL, USA

SLAS 2020

Jan 25 2020 San Diego, CA, USA

View all events